Spelling -ing Words

We use verbs ending in -ing in continuous tenses and as gerunds. There are some spelling rules to follow when adding -ing to verbs.

Words Ending in 'y'

Words ending in 'y' are easy. You just add -ing to the end of the word.

Words Ending in 'y'
Verb Verbing
play playing
fly flying

Words Ending in 'e'

When a word ends in 'e', you remove the 'e' and then add -ing.

Words Ending in 'e'
Verb Verbing
make making
give giving

Words Ending in the /iː/ Sound

The exception is words that end in the letter 'e' and the /iː/ sound.

For words that end with an /iː/ sound, you keep the 'e' and add -ing.

Words Ending in /iː/
Verb Verbing
be being
see seeing

We use special symbols to show different sounds. They are called the phonetic alphabet.

Words That Need a Double Letter

For some words you need to double the last letter before you add -ing. These words have a special pattern. The last three letters of the word have the pattern consonant-vowel-consonant (c-v-c).

Vowels are the letters a, e, i, o, u. All other letters are consonants.

The word swim follows this pattern.

s w i m
c v c
Words With c-v-c Pattern
Verb Verbing
swim swimming
run running

Other Words

For other words that don't have the c-v-c pattern, you just add -ing to the end.

The word eat is one of these words

Other Words
Verb Verbing
eat eating
ski skiing
sing singing