Present Simple Tense

We use the Present Simple Tense to talk about regular activities, habits, or facts.

now

I play tennis on Saturday.

I played tennis on Saturday in the past.

I will play tennis on Saturday in the future.

I wake up at 7:00am.

I wake up a 7:00am everyday. This is a habit.

It rains in June.

This is a fact. It rains in June every year.

The Present Simple Tense isn't just about the present. It's about the past and future too.

Making the Present Simple Tense

+ I play tennis on Saturday. s='I' + v='play'

- I don't play tennis on Saturday. s='I' + 'don't' + v='play'

? Do you play tennis on Saturday? 'do' + s='you' + v='play'

'Do' is a helping word. It helps us make questions and negative sentences.

A verb is an action word.

The verbs change when the subject is "he", "she", or "it". For most verbs we add -s to the end.

The verbs change like this:

Present simple verbs
subject verb verb
I play do
we play do
you play do
they play do
subject verb -s verb -s
he plays does
she plays does
it plays does

+ He plays tennis on Saturday. s='he' + vs='plays'

- He doesn't play tennis on Saturday. ='he' + 'doesn't' + v='play'

? Does he play tennis on Saturday? 'does' + s='he' + v='play'

Pronunciation

He plays tennis on Saturday.

He doesn't play tennis on Saturday.

Does he play tennis on Saturday?